In partnership with the City of Aarhus and East Jutland Police, the 2017 SCN Global Summit brought together 476 delegates from 170 cities across 47 countries, the largest global convention of local practitioners, political leaders and stakeholders working to prevent and counter violent extremism to date.
The event delivered:
AN INTERACTIVE FORUM FOR KNOWLEDGE SHARING & LEARNING
P/CVE programming should never be developed in isolation. Cities need recourse to a global pool of expert practitioners to apply lessons learned and make a real difference to P/CVE understanding and implementation. Evaluation of the Summit found that:
- Approximately nine out of ten (88%) said it had directly improved their understanding of violent extremism and P/CVE.
- Eight out of ten (80%) rated the opportunities for sharing knowledge and experience between cities across diverse global regions as either ‘excellent’ or ‘very good’.
INNOVATIVE, RELEVANT AND PRACTICAL TRAINING
The SCN delivers high quality training on trends and prevention approaches that meet the diverse challenges of member cities. Training should not just inform; it should have practical application and make a difference to local security, resilience and cohesion. Evaluation of the Summit found that:
- Nearly every participant (98%) rated overall event content as either ‘excellent’ or ‘very good’ and approximately nine of ten respondents (88%) said the knowledge and information gained would be of direct use in their work.
- Approximately three out of four participants (72%) rated the quality of workshop training as either ‘excellent’ or ‘very good’.
STRENGTHENED LOCAL CAPACITY
Cities need the knowledge, tools, structures and partners to effectively prevent and counter violent extremism and put learning into practice. Evaluation of the Summit found that:
- Nine out of ten (91%) reported increased ability to create initiatives to prevent and counter violent extremism, and better access to support networks as a direct result of their involvement.
Across three days, delegates attended a total of 17 specialist workshops on issues ranging from multiagency working and policing to youth engagement and international capacity building, as well as plenary sessions bringing together global mayors, online and tech partners, and personal stories of those directly affected by violent extremism. Providing an opportunity to bring together learning from across multiple global regions, form new partnerships and promote innovative local programming, the event also incorporated the third annual meeting of the SCN International Steering Committee.
The City of Aarhus welcomed delegates on Wednesday 17 May with an Open House event, designed to showcase the Aarhus Model, which has garnered international attention at all levels for its approach to locally-led prevention. With leadership from the Director of Children and Young People, the Director of Social Affairs and Employment and the Director of East Jutland Police, day-to-day management is charged to a multi-disciplinary task force for the prevention of radicalisation and discrimination, and is underpinned by the values of the municipality’s integration policy, which focuses on active citizenship. For further information on the Aarhus Model, please click here.
Additional Open House events were held specifically for delegates from Jordan and Lebanon, including SCN members leading on the development of Local Prevention Networks at the municipal levels and representatives from the Lebanese Prime Minister’s office supporting national P/CVE efforts. This builds on close partnership between the SCN and the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, supporting bilateral cooperation between Danish municipalities and counterparts in the Middle East, implementing best practice to support practitioner training and develop local prevention structures across 6 municipalities in Jordan and Lebanon.
Following a welcome from the Hon. Jacob Bundsgaard (Mayor, City of Aarhus), Commissioner Helle Kyndesen (Commissioner, East Jutland Police) and Sasha Havlicek (CEO, Institute for Strategic Dialogue), the conference was formally opened on Thursday 18 May by the Danish Minister of Justice, Søren Pape. Setting out Danish national approaches to violent extremism and strategic and operational shifts in terrorism and violent extremism, Minister Pape noted the strong progress made in Aarhus and across other Danish municipalities and the importance of a well-rounded and proactive strategy, informed by international learning and expertise.Highlighting the leadership and increasing role of mayors around the world on preventing and countering violent extremism, plenary sessions opened with an ‘In Conversation with Global Mayors’ panel, featuring Mayor Bundsgaard of Aarhus, Mayor Bonte of Vilvoorde, Mayor Berke of Chattanooga, Mayor Tait of Anaheim, Minister Scott of Victoria, Australia, and Commissioner Damakka-Abubakar of Kano, Nigeria. Each leader drew on local challenges, outlining current and upcoming local programming and underling important lessons on developing and implementing strategy tailored to specific local contexts.
Other key plenary sessions emphasised the importance of bringing policy and practice closer together, informed by academic research and maintaining close cooperation with communities, faith groups and other local and global stakeholders. Powerful personal stories were delivered during a ‘Witnesses of Violent Extremism’ session, which brought together families from Aarhus and the immediate local area directly affected by extremism, with relatives having travelled to the Syrian conflict. Dr Magnus Ranstorp, Professor Tore Bjørgo, Rabbi Michael Melchior, philosopher Bart Brandsma, and psychologist Professor Arie Kruglanski, all brought important perspectives on trends and developments in violent extremism, while a final plenary brought together tech partners and security specialists to discuss online prevention.
The following presentations delivered during plenary sessions are available to download:
Danish Centre for Prevention of Extremism | Presentation
Allan Aarslev, East Jutland Police & Natascha Mannemar Jensen, City of Aarhus – The Aarhus Model | Presentation
Tore Bjørgo | Presentation
Workshops & Speakers’ Presentations
Running across 18-19 May, parallel workshop sessions covered the following issues:
1. Early Prevention in Schools
School is an important forum for early and primary prevention. Creating a space for open and safe dialogue where ideas, opinions and ideals can be shared among others without prejudice or conflict is central to continued development in the education sector. This workshop discussed how we can create such a safe and open environment in the educational system and empower children and young people through dialogue and critical thinking and strengthen their resilience to radicalisation.
Dr. Ian Jamison – Head of Education & Training, Tony Blair Institute for Global Change | Biography
Dr. Stijn Sickelinck – Assistant Professor, Utrecht University | Biography
2. Local Prevention Networks in Jordan and Lebanon: What Can Local Actors in Europe and MENA Learn From Each Other?
This session featured emerging experiences and insights from a Strong Cities Network exchange project between municipal and local practitioners in Denmark, Jordan and Lebanon. This included experiences of setting up multi-stakeholder ‘Prevention Networks’ inspired by the Danish SSP model, as well as lessons Europe can learn from engaging with faith leaders and civil society activists in the MENA region.
CHAIR: Jonathan Birdwell – Head of Research and Policy, ISD | Biography | Presentations: Lebanon Jordan
CO-CHAIR: Khadije Nasser – SCN MENA Regional Manager, ISD | Biography
Henrik Holmskov – Viborg Municipality, Denmark
Mirna Sabbagh – Saida Municipality, Lebanon
Nidal Khaled – Majdal Anjar Municipality, Lebanon
Chadi Nachabe – Tripoli Municipality, Lebanon
Fatima Al Kafaween – Karak Municipality, Jordan
Mohammed Zawareh – Zarqa Municipality, Jordan
3. Interreligious Dialogue
This session focused on the opportunities and experiences with interreligious dialogue as a way to prevent radicalisation and violent extremism within local communities. The workshop featured short presentations followed by open debate and input from participants.
Rabbi Michael Melchior – Chief Rabbi, Norway | Biography
4. Working with families
This session focused on early prevention in the shape of community outreach and working with families from an NGO perspective. Non-profit organisations working within this field shared their stories, approaches and experiences in dialogue with the workshop participants.
Karolina Dam – Founder, Sons and Daughters of the World |Biography
Bydelsmødre | About
EU Radicalisation Awareness Network (RAN) | About
5. Multiagency Approaches
This workshop focused on multiagency approaches in preventing radicalisation and violent extremism. Highlighting key examples of best practices, presentations drew attention to specific structures and covered different cultural and organisational settings.
EU Radicalisation Awareness Network (RAN) | About
Marian Misdrahi – Programme Coordinator, CPRLV, Montréal | Biography | Presentation
The Aarhus Model | About
6. Tackling Right Wing Extremism
This session explored the growth of right wing extremism across European and North American geographies and discussed ways in which cities can be proactive, both in responses and prevention initiatives. This included a detailed guide to individual disengagements from leading one-to-one intervention providers as well as municipal strategies which cities have developed.
CHAIR: Daniel Hooton – Strong Cities Network Coordinator, ISD | Biography
Christian Picciolini – Co-founder, Life After Hate | Biography | Presentation | Life After Hate
Pat Nolan – Intervention Provider, Office for Security and Counter-Terrorism (OSCT), UK Home Office | Biography | Presentation
7. Whole-of-City Approaches: Does Your City Really Need CVE?
Taking a whole-of-city approach, this session addressed where CVE work is appropriate and in what circumstances other relevant approaches may be more beneficial. It incorporated an open discussion of the strengths as well as the challenges of CVE work, drawing on pertinent international experience. It outlined a framework in which all aspects of public life can play an active role in work to challenge hate, division and violence in the most positive and proactive way, emphasizing the key importance of understanding and mitigating local risk, assessing municipal assets, and developing targeted local action plans appropriate to specific local and regional contexts.
Rebecca Skellett – Strong Cities Network Manager, ISD | Biography
Joumana Silyan-Saba – Director of Public Safety, City of Los Angeles | Biography
Kimberly Field – Countering Violent Extremism Practice Area Director, Creative Associates Intl | Biography
Deborah Kimble – Director, Local Governance and Community Resilience, Creative Associates Intl | Biography
8. Building Resilience: Pre- and Post-Incident Responses
This session focused on authority and community led initiatives can be designed to mitigate the negative effects of high-impact-low-probability events, such as terrorist attacks. The focus was on both pre- and post-incident mitigation, and addressing the question of how best to build resilience and preparedness in communities without breeding fear, and how to aid community recovery should prevention and interdiction fail.
David Eisenman – Director, UCLA Center for Public Health and Disasters | Biography
Lasse Lindekilde – Associate Professor, Aarhus University | Biography
9. Working with Mentoring Programmes
This workshop focused on mentoring programmes in the prevention of violent extremism and radicalisation, including the theoretical background of the mentorship alongside the practical experiences of a mentor from the Aarhus Model. Professor Preben Bertelsen and the Danish Agency for International Recruitment and Integration presented the objectives and practical set up of the national mentor corps.
Jan Gehlert – Head of Section, Department of Social Services, Aarhus Municipality | Presentation
Preben Bertelsen – Professor of Societal and Personality Psychology | Biography | Presentation
10. Children in Radicalised Families
This session focused on trends and developments in a new area of social work within families – where children (perhaps without any risk behaviour or visible signs) are growing up in families where one or two of the parents are radicalised to some extent. Contributors included social workers operating within the Aarhus Model and the European Radicalisation Awareness Network (RAN). Aarhus Model practitioners also presented a new tool for working with children in radicalised families.
EU Radicalisation Awareness Network (RAN) | About
The Aarhus Model | About
11. Building Resilience from a Police Perspective
This session explored local resilience-building from a policing perspective, taking into account multiagency approaches. Police officers from the Aarhus Model presented practical experience, examples of casework and questions for debate. Besides telling more about the experiences in Aarhus, participants were invited to exchange best practices where the police are part of a multiagency approach to prevent radicalisation and violent extremism.
The Aarhus Model | About
12. Personal Journeys: Assessing Risk to Radicalisation and Online Violent Extremism
This session took the participants through a personal journey in and out of an extremist movement. The main focus was on assessing risk to radicalisation and online counter-extremism. The workshop presented examples of how to work with awareness of radicalisation, and how to develop and divert young people from the path of relying solely on information that can take them on a journey towards extremism and hate. There was a focus on developing critical thinking amongst youth and understanding the minds of those who are vulnerable to the messages of extremist ideologies.
Munir Zamir – Director, Zamir Creative Ltd. | Biography | Presentation
13.Working with Female Returnees
The City of Copenhagen presented their work with female returnees and through their case-based experiences facilitated a dialogue and debate with the participants of the workshop. The workshop focused on the context of female radicalisation in Copenhagen and the challenges that are particular to the female returnees, before inviting participants to share their best practices and experiences from across the world.
14. Public Health and Gang Prevention Approaches for Addressing CVE in Tunisia
This workshop examined the adaptation of a public health approach – secondary violence prevention – for reducing risk among young people for joining groups prone to violent behaviour. The secondary violence prevention intervention adapted from the gang prevention field in the City of Los Angeles and implemented in Central America has been effective in diagnosing those most at risk of joining gangs, reducing risk factors with sustained and intensive family counselling. The case study of Tunisia was highlighted, where a current adaptation of secondary violence prevention is taking place within the context of countering violent extremism.
Enrique Roig – Practice Area Director for Citizen Security, Creative Associates Intl. | Biography
Halima Bali Mrad – Chief of Party “ETTYSAL Project”, Tunisia, Creative Associates Intl. | Biography
15. Refugees, Integration and Preventing Polarisation
This session focused on key challenges surrounding refugee crises, internal and urban displacement, and countering polarisation and building cohesion in host communities. The session looked at refugees and displacement in cities across South Asia, Europe and North America, showcasing innovative municipal responses and establishing good practice for cities across diverse contexts. It also demonstrated the importance of local integration initiatives, looking at how these can be most effective and what kind of local partners cities should work with.
CHAIR: Jørgen Kristiansen – Deputy Mayor, City of Kristiansand, Norway | Biography | Presentation
Gulmina Bilal – Director, Individualland, Pakistan | Biography | Presentation
Raphaela Schweiger – Senior Project Manager, Robert Bosch Stiftung GmbH | Biography | Presentation
Dr. Muhammad Babar – City of Louisville, Kentucky | Biography | Presentation
16. Developing Local Youth Engagement
This session asked how cities can work effectively with their local youth to ensure sustainable youth engagement, and involve local youth as key partners in PVE/CVE, and how cities can empower their local youth as independent actors. It provided a platform for young people to address the conference as well as key practitioners working on youth engagement around the world.
CHAIR: Hon. Hans Bonte – Mayor, City of Vilvoorde, Belgium | Biography
Niddal El-Jabr – CEO, Mino Denmark | Biography
Achaleke Christian Leke – Youth Activist | Biography
Kelsey Bjornsgaard – Youth Civil Activism Network (YouthCAN) Coordinator, ISD | Biography | Presentation
Louis Reynolds – Project Coordinator, ISD | Presentation
Claire Ignatowski – Senior Strategist for Youth and Systems, Creative Associates Intl. | Biography | Presentation
17. Offline Prevention of Online Radicalisation
The workshop focused on the idea of offline prevention of online radicalisation in youth education through offline platforms. The Aarhus Model approach builds on direct contact and dialogue with its target group with a focus on digital resilience and skills, critical thinking, and strong fellowships. The Aarhus Model presented its ideas and status and invited additional contributors and workshop participants to discuss the initial draft setup in terms of exchanging ideas and further development.
The Aarhus Model | About
You can download the report of the SCN Global Summit 2017 here.
You can find the minutes of the third meeting of the SCN International Steering Committee in the SCN Library. (N.B. The SCN Library is members only. Please log in to read the minutes.)